Though it was known in the nineteenth century that bacteria are the cause of many diseases, no effective antibacterial treatments were available back then. In 1910, Paul Ehrlich developed the first antibiotic. Bacteria are also notorious for existing antibiotic treatments. A new study is showing that bacteria that are starving tend to resist antibiotics better. During an infection there is a tendency to starve bacteria under certain conditions. How can this be reversed? “Bacteria become starved when they exhaust nutrient supplies in the body, or if they live clustered together in groups know as biofilms,” said the lead author of the paper, Dr. Dao Nguyen, an assistant professor of medicine at McGill University.