Researchers at the Oxford University have determined that a recovered jawbone and teeth originate from the first modern humans in Europe. The fossilized remains have been carbon dated to reveal the age of the bones. The researchers first believe the fossils, which were found in a prehistoric cave in Italy, were those of the Neanderthal. Through additional research, they concluded that they were in fact from anatomically modern humans. Radiocarbon testing revealed the age of the bones, 43,000 – 45,000 years old, the oldest of any modern human remains in Europe.