Author: University of Southampton via ScienceDaily.

  • Calcification: Does it pay off in the future ocean?

    An international research team has calculated the costs and benefits of calcification for phytoplankton and the impact of climate change on their important role in the world's oceans.Single-celled phytoplankton play an important role in marine biogeochemical cycling, in marine food webs and in the global climate system. Coccolithophores are a particular group that cover themselves…

  • Popcorn-like fossils provide evidence of environmental impacts on species numbers

    The number of species that can exist on Earth depends on how the environment changes, according to new research led by the University of Southampton.By analysing the fossil record of microscopic aquatic creatures called planktonic foraminifera, whose fossil remains now resemble miniaturised popcorn and date back millions of years, the research provided the first statistical…

  • New study links carbon emissions and climate warming

    Research has identified, for the first time, how global warming is related to the amount of carbon emitted.‚ÄčA team of researchers from the universities of Southampton, Bristol and Liverpool have derived the first theoretical equation to demonstrate that global warming is a direct result of the build-up of carbon emissions since the late 1800s when…